In later life Dreiser would bitterly associate religion with his father’s ineffectuality and the family’s resulting material deprivation, but he always spoke and wrote of his mother with unswerving affection. Theodore Dreiser. He based his novel on details and setting of the 1906 murder of Grace Brown by Chester Gillette in upstate New York, which attracted widespread attention from newspapers. ", National Committee for the Defense of Political Prisoners, Hey Rub-a-Dub-Dub: A Book of the Mystery and Wonder and Terror of Life, "Seven Famous People Who Missed the Titanic", "Lucas County : 2-48 House of Four Pillars", "Theodore Dreiser (1871-1945) His Friendship to the Soviet People in 1938-1941", "Edward Weston, R. M. Schindler, Anna Zacsek, Lloyd Wright, Lawrence Tibbett, Reginald Pole, Beatrice Wood and Their Dramatic Circles", "Clara Jaeger Secretary and mistress to Theodore Dreiser", The International Theodore Dreiser Society, American Writers: A Journey Through History. It was named for Dreiser in 1966. Just before Theodore's birth, a series of misfortunes had struck the family, rendering them penniless. It sold poorly and was considered controversial because of moral objections to his featuring a country girl who pursues her dreams of fame and fortune through relationships with men. His father, a German immigrant, was a mostly unemployed millworker who subscribed to a stern and narrow Roman Catholicism. Among other themes, his novels explore the new … He was the leading figure in a national literary movement that replaced the observance of Victorian notions of propriety with the unflinching presentation of real-life subject matter. As a matter of fact, words are, as a rule, the shallowest portion of all the argument. Theodore Dreiser is considered one of America's greatest naturalists, significant because he wrote at the early stages of the naturalist movement. Omissions? Radnja njegovih romana vezana je uz razvoj i moralnu degeneraciju snažnih i ambicioznih ličnosti (Sestra Carrie, Financijer, Titan i Genije). Theodore Herman Albert Dreiser rođen je krajem kolovoza 1871. u Indiani, u mjestu Terre Haute kao deveto od desetoro žive, a 12-o od 13 djece koliko je Sarah Maria Schanab rodila u braku s Johnom Paulom Dreiserom. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). He wrote several articles on writers such as Nathaniel Hawthorne, William Dean Howells, Israel Zangwill, and John Burroughs, and interviewed public figures such as Andrew Carnegie, Marshall Field, Thomas Edison, and Theodore Thomas. Theodore Dreiser (1871 - 1945) is considered one of the great American novelists from early in the 20th century, along with Edith Wharton, Stephen Crane, and Jack London. Checkout Theodore Wiki Age, Biography, Career, Height, Weight, Family. It has been called the "greatest of all American urban novels."[12]. It is composed of The Financier (1912), The Titan (1914), and The Stoic. Theodore Dreiser, (born Aug. 27, 1871, Terre Haute, Ind., U.S.—died Dec. 28, 1945, Hollywood, Calif.), novelist who was the outstanding American practitioner of naturalism. His mother’s gentle and compassionate outlook sprang from her Czech Mennonite background. One of his last acts was to join the American Communist Party. Theodore Herman Albert Dreiser (* 27. He was the twelfth of thirteen children of John, a German immigrant, and … Theodore Herman Albert Dreiser (/ˈdraɪsər, -zər/;[1] August 27, 1871 – December 28, 1945) was an American novelist and journalist of the naturalist school. Geburtsort: Terre Haute/Ind. He was the leading figure in a national literary movement that replaced the observance of Victorian notions of propriety with the unflinching presentation of the real-life subject matter. "[14]:398, After proposing in 1893, he married Sara Osborne White on December 28, 1898. [23] Through the following decades, she remained the constant woman in his life, even through many more temporary love affairs (such as one with his secretary Clara Jaeger in the 1930s). [18], Dreiser was a committed socialist and wrote several nonfiction books on political issues. In 1938 Dreiser moved from New York to Los Angeles with Helen Richardson, who had been his mistress since 1920. Dreiser’s sludge-like prose doomed him among readers over the last half century, while Lewis, who achieved fame in the ‘20s, becoming the first American to win a Nobel Prize for Literature in 1930, has seen his reputation sag. Theodore Dreiser was a famous American author, who was born on August 27, 1871. [14]:44 His featuring young women as protagonists dramatized the social changes of urbanization, as young people moved from rural villages to cities. Dreiser was born in Terre Haute, Indiana to John Paul Dreiser and Sarah Maria (née Schanab). He was a man of large originality, of profound feeling, and of unshakable courage. Leavis wrote that Dreiser "seems as though he learned English from a newspaper. Both The Bulwark and The Stoic were published posthumously (1946 and 1947, respectively). 1945.) [35], Cowie, Alexander, Alfred Kazin, and Charles Shapiro. Scroll down to get the complete details. The ninth of ten surviving children, Dreiser grew up in an impoverished household in Terre Haute, but lived most of his adult life in New York City. Zitierweise Dreiser, Theodore, Indexeintrag: Deutsche Biographie, https://www.deutsche-biographie.de/pnd118527355.html [13.12.2020]. These included Dreiser Looks at Russia (1928), the result of his 1927 trip to the Soviet Union, and two books presenting a critical perspective on capitalist America, Tragic America (1931) and America Is Worth Saving (1941). Biography; Herman Theodore Dreiser Herman Theodore Dreiser. Dreiser's first commercial success was An American Tragedy, published in 1925. Finding aid to Theodore Dreiser letters and manuscripts, 1897-1939, at Columbia University. Huxley and John Tyndall and adopted the speculations of the philosopher Herbert Spencer. Dezember 1945 in Los Angeles) war ein US-amerikanischer Schriftsteller und neben Stephen Crane und Frank Norris ein Hauptvertreter des literarischen Naturalismus in Amerika. Theodore Dreiser Wiki, Biography, Net Worth, Age, Family, Facts and More. Theodore Dreiser's beginnings were not auspicious. The first two volumes of a projected trilogy of novels based on the life of the American transportation magnate Charles T. Yerkes, The Financier (1912) and The Titan (1914), followed. [23] They remained together until his death on December 28, 1945, at the age of 74.[14]:399. From 1892, when Dreiser began work as a newspaperman, he had begun, to observe a certain type of crime in the United States that proved very common. Theodore was the twelfth of thirteen children (the ninth of the ten surviving). [4] Dreiser was going to return from his first European vacation on the Titanic but was talked out of it by an English publisher who recommended he board a cheaper boat. His only other significant publications in the late 1920s were collections of stories and sketches written earlier, Chains (1927) and A Gallery of Women (1929), and an unsuccessful collection of poetry, Moods, Cadenced and Declaimed (1926). Prev Article Next Article . He came to reconsider his opposition to communism and wrote the anticapitalist Tragic America (1931). He was raised a strict catholic. [19] He praised the Soviet Union under Stalin during the Great Terror and the nonaggression pact with Hitler. Wöchentlich bringen wir neue Porträts, publizieren redaktionell überarbeitete Texte und aktualisieren darüberhinaus Hunderte von Biographien. Among other themes, his novels explore the new social problems that had arisen in a rapidly industrializing America. Theodore Herman Albert Dreiser (; August 27, 1871 – December 28, 1945) was an American novelist and journalist of the naturalist school. why?" Through these readings and his own experience, Dreiser came to believe that human beings are helpless in the grip of instincts and social forces beyond their control, and he judged human society as an unequal contest between the strong and the weak. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. "he turned against his father's orthodox religion and became an atheist. But Doubleday’s qualms about the book, the story line of which involves a young kept woman whose “immorality” goes unpunished, led the publisher to limit the book’s advertising, and consequently it sold fewer than 500 copies. Dreiser began writing his first novel, Sister Carrie, in 1899 at the suggestion of a newspaper colleague. The task was completed in 1944, the same year he married Helen. They but dimly represent the great surging feelings and desires which lie behind. Theodore Dreiser and Sinclair Lewis have largely disappeared from the canon. Theodore Dreiser, (born Aug. 27, 1871, Terre Haute, Ind., U.S.—died Dec. 28, 1945, Hollywood, Calif.), novelist who was the outstanding American practitioner of naturalism. Somewhat encouraged by the earlier response to Sister Carrie in England and the novel’s republication in America, Dreiser returned to writing fiction. "Geschichte ist die Biographie der Menschheit", Ludwig Börne (1786-1837) Theodore Dreiser. Theodore Dreiser, Writer: A Place in the Sun. Although less politically radical friends, such as H.L. Cassuto, Leonard and Clare Virginia Eby, eds. Theodore Dreiser was one of the most influential American authors of his generation. [21][22], In 1919, Dreiser met his cousin Helen Patges Richardson (1894-1955) with whom he began an affair. In response to witnessing a lynching in 1893, Dreiser wrote the short story "Nigger Jeff" (1901), which was published in Ainslee's Magazine.[13]. In 1925 Dreiser’s first novel in a decade, An American Tragedy, based on a celebrated murder case, was published. [11], In Sister Carrie, Dreiser portrayed a changing society, writing about a young woman who flees rural life for the city (Chicago), fails to find work that pays a living wage, falls prey to several men, and ultimately achieves fame as an actress. This disappointment and an accumulation of family and marital troubles sent Dreiser into a suicidal depression from which he was rescued in 1901 by his brother, Paul Dresser, a well-known songwriter, who arranged for Theodore’s treatment in a sanitarium. His novels often featured main characters who succeeded at their objectives despite a lack of a firm moral code, and literary situations that more closely resemble studies of nature than tales of choice and agency. Theodore Dreiser: A Primary and Secondary Bibliography, by Donald Pizer, Richard W. Dowell, and Frederic E. Rusch, was published by G.K. Hall & Company in 1975. Theodore Dreiser Biography Although Theodore Dreiser never received the Nobel Prize for literature, he is recognized today as a genuine American literary pioneer, and his massive An American Tragedy is acclaimed as one of the most important novels in American literature. Theodore Dreiser was one of the great American writers, and a transitional figure between Victorian America and the "modern" age that was inaugurated after the cessation of hostilities after WWI and the publication of Sinclair Lewis' "Main Street" in 1920. These included the lynching of Frank Little, one of the leaders of the Industrial Workers of the World, the Sacco and Vanzetti case, the deportation of Emma Goldman, and the conviction of the trade union leader Thomas Mooney. American Literature 28.2 (1956): 244. "[29] A British view of Dreiser came from the publisher Rupert Hart-Davis: "Theodore Dreiser's books are enough to stop me in my tracks, never mind his letters—that slovenly turgid style describing endless business deals, with a seduction every hundred pages as light relief. In 2011, Dreiser was inducted into the Chicago Literary Hall of Fame. His novels and nonfiction narratives, which he began publishing in his thirties, were controversial for their gritty realism, sexual frankness, and sympathy for the plight of underrepresented people. Theodore Dreiser, (born Aug. 27, 1871, Terre Haute, Ind., U.S.--died Dec. 28, 1945, Hollywood, Calif.), novelist who was the outstanding American practitioner of naturalism. 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