Doubleday, who died in 1898 at age 73, is buried at Arlington National Cemetery in Section 1, Grave 61, very close to the James Tanner Amphitheater. Doubleday served in the Mexican War and, during the 1850s, in a campaign against the Seminole Indians in Florida. I was fond of poetry and art and much interested in mathematical studies. Phone: 602.496.1460 For the morale of the men, he is said to have provisioned balls and bats for the men. He said he had attended school with Doubleday. No one felt it important that Graves was 5 years old in 1839 and Doubleday was already at West Point. Abner Doubleday was born at Ballston Spa, Saratoga County, New York, on June 26, 1819, to Ulysses F. Doubleday and Hester (Donnelly) Doubleday.2 Doubleday’s ancestors participated in the American Revolution; his paternal grandfather fought at the Battle of Bunker Hill, served at Valley Forge, and fought in the Battle of Stony Point (New York) in 1779. At Antietam, he led his men into the deadly fighting in the Cornfield and the West Woods, and one colonel described him as a "gallant officer ... remarkably cool and at the very front of battle. "[13], However, there is considerable evidence to dispute this claim. It does explain, however, why the Baseball Hall of Fame is in Cooperstown, NY (as in the first game was supposedly there). 2 Biographic information on Abner Doubleday is from Bert Gumpert, who was working on a Doubleday biography for the Civil War Roundtable of New York. They are buried at Arlington National Cemetery.34. He was born in the state of New York in Ballston Spa. Doubleday assumed administrative duties in the defenses of Washington, D.C., where he was in charge of courts martial, which gave him legal experience that he used after the war. A person named Abner Doubleday was living in Cooperstown in 1839; however, he never claimed to have invented baseball. He wrote, "Robert Henderson, Harold Seymour, and other scholars have since debunked the Doubleday-Cooperstown myth, which nonetheless remains powerful in the American imagination because of the efforts of Major League Baseball and the Hall of Fame in Cooperstown." 24 Byron Farwell, Stonewall: A Biography of General Thomas J. Jackson (New York: W.W. Norton, 1992), 109-110, 129. During World War II, the liberty ship SS Abner Doubleday was named in his honor. Abner Doubleday On the civilian side of the ledger, he secured a patent on the San Francisco cable car railway that runs to this day. [5], At the start of the Battle of Gettysburg, July 1, 1863, Doubleday's division was the second infantry division on the field to reinforce the cavalry division of Brigadier General John Buford. … I was hit and pitched over my horse’s neck by a piece of shell which struck me in the back of the neck. Early in the Valley Campaigns of 1864. Seven of those brigades sustained casualties that ranged from 35 to 50 percent, indicating the ferocity of the Union defense. Doubleday was humiliated by this snub and held a lasting grudge against Meade, but he returned to division command and fought well for the remainder of the battle. [9] At Fredericksburg in December 1862, his division mostly sat idle. On Cemetery Hill, however, the I Corps could muster only a third of its men as effective for duty, and the corps was essentially destroyed as a combat force for the rest of the battle; it would be decommissioned in March 1864, its surviving units consolidated into other corps. While Abner Doubleday was no doubt a stand-up guy, one of the claims on a New York State historical marker outside his birthplace in Ballston Spa is most certainly untrue. If you can help us improve this player’s biography, contact us. Gen. Rufus King, was incapacitated by an epileptic seizure at the time. He lives in Olathe, Kansas, with his wife, Judy. [4] He aimed the cannon that fired the first return shot in answer to the Confederate bombardment on April 12, 1861. Newton, who was number one in his class, relieved General Doubleday as commander of the I Corps during the Battle of Gettysburg,22 and Doubleday served under Pope in the Union defeat at Second Manassas in August 1862.23 Several members of Doubleday’s class served with the Confederate army, including Daniel H. Hill,24 Richard Anderson, Lafayette McLaws, and James Longstreet, all of whom fought at Gettysburg.25, In command of a division in the I Corps, Doubleday was among the first to see action in the battle. Hatch. Emily Gumpert assisted with this project as well. 26 civilwararchive.com/CORPS/1stcorps.htm. This claim has been thoroughly debunked by baseball historians. In my outdoor sports I was a addicted to topographical work and even as a boy amused myself by making maps of the country around my father’s residence which was in Auburn, Cayuga County, New York.”5 Interesting, there is no mention of baseball in his upbringing. [4] While in Washington, Doubleday remained a loyal Republican and staunch supporter of President Abraham Lincoln. By the start of the Civil War, he was a captain and second in command in the garrison at Fort Sumter, under Major Robert Anderson. Doubleday grew up in Auburn and attended the Cooperstown Classical and Military Academy, studying civil engineering before he was appointed to West Point in 1838. "Bats, Balls, and Bullets". But he had a younger cousin, Abner Demas Doubleday, son of Ulysses’ brother, Demas. Died 26 Jan 1893 in Mendham, New Jersey. 20 Rufus R. Dawes, Service with the Sixth Wisconsin Volunteers (Marietta, Ohio: E.R. In his junior year, Doubleday stood 20th in a class of 60 members, scoring 17th in Drawing; 21st in Philosophy; and 27th in Chemistry. Cronkite School at ASU The family all slept in the attic loft of the one-room house. He was not glamorous. He retired from the United States Army in 1873 and died in 1893. Civil War Union Major General. [2][3], Doubleday, the son of Ulysses F. Doubleday and Hester Donnelly, was born in Ballston Spa, New York, in a small house on the corner of Washington and Fenwick streets. As a lieutenant of the 1st Artillery, Doubleday was involved in the hostilities against the Apaches from 1854 to 1855 on the Texas border. … Luckily I was hit squarely by the smooth round surface. [5] He was wounded in the neck on the second day of Gettysburg and received a brevet promotion to colonel in the regular army for his service. He practiced as a surveyor and civil engineer for two years before entering the United States Military Academy[5] in 1838. Doubleday was also the author of two published books on his Civil War experiences. Abner Doubleday was born to Ulysses F. Doubleday and Hester Donnelly, in Ballston Spa, New York, on 26th June 1819. During his first year he stood 30th out of 85 plebes. No serious historian of baseball believes Doubleday established the rules of baseball, but the myth of Doubleday still persists to some degree. By the third year of the Civil War, Doubleday was a reliable general and his biographer Thomas Barthel describes him this way: “He has never been given credit he deserves for his actions in the Civil War or later because he was not one of the boys. Besides noting that he was a Civil War hero who fought in the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863, it also says that he founded the game of baseball 24 years prior in 1839. He was an official scorer for the New Yankees but was also involved in the Baseball Writers Association of America. [19] It has hosted the Hall of Fame Classic since 2009. Doubleday was a cadet at West Point in the year of the alleged invention and his family had moved away from Cooperstown the prior year. The ostensible reason was a false report by XI Corps commander Major General Oliver O. Howard that Doubleday's corps broke first, causing the entire Union line to collapse, but Meade also had a long history of disdain for Doubleday's combat effectiveness, dating back to South Mountain. Doubleday’s first combat came during the Mexican War. Doubleday never forgave Meade, and his career with the Army of the Potomac was over.27 Allen C. Guelzo, in Gettysburg: The Last Invasion, writes, “The written update (General John) Hancock sent back to Meade from Gettysburg included a brief statement – “Howard says that Doubleday’s command gave way” – which became fixed in Meade’s mind as proof that Doubleday had lost all control of I Corps and somehow caused the collapse of both the I and the XI Corps. Fort Moultrie had been abandoned after South Carolina seceded, and its garrison was moved to Fort Sumter. His family lived in a tiny house, and they … But some people clearly thought otherwise. Doubleday had a number of West Point classmates who served in the Civil War, including John Newton and John Pope. Essay by George B. Kirsch, United States Congress Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War, National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, List of American Civil War generals (Union), "The Doubleday myth is Cooperstown's gain: Pastoral village has become the heart of baseball folklore", "Featured Monument: Major-General Abner Doubleday Monument", "Cooperstown Connection: Doubleday Field, A Diamond in the Pasture", "Baseball Hall of Fame Game in Cooperstown will end after this year", https://baseballhall.org/about-the-hall/history/history-of-doubleday-field, "1 Thing We Love About Morris: Baseball spring training", "Abner Doubleday's presence still felt in Ballston Spa", Abner Doubleday and Theosophy in America: 1879–1884, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Abner_Doubleday&oldid=993776304, American military personnel of the Mexican–American War, People of New York (state) in the American Civil War, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 12:51. Volunteers in the Army of the Potomac. He was appointed brigadier general of volunteers on February 3, 1862, and was assigned to duty in northern Virginia while the Army of the Potomac conducted the Peninsula Campaign. Some historians make the argument that he kept Cemetery Ridge as part of the Federal lines during the first day’s fighting. He subsequently referred to himself as the "hero of Sumter" for this role. Abner Doubleday (June 26, 1819 – January 26, 1893) was a career United States Army officer and Union major general in the American Civil War. In 1871 he commanded the 24th U.S. Infantry, an all African-American regiment with headquarters at Fort McKavett, Texas. He fired the first shot in defense of Fort Sumter, the opening battle of the war, and had a pivotal role in … After the conflict with Mexico, Doubleday returned to Texas. It concluded by saying, "in the years to come, in the view of the hundreds of thousands of people who are devoted to baseball, and the millions who will be, Abner Doubleday's fame will rest evenly, if not quite as much, upon the fact that he was its inventor ... as upon his brilliant and distinguished career as an officer in the Federal Army. … Seen not as a foolhardy soldier but as a steadfast one, many times in the future Doubleday would be asked to anchor a line and protect the flank of a large body of soldiers. This flies in the face of the fact that Doubleday was a plebe at West Point at that time, was only 20 years old, and had never left West Point from August 1838 until his graduation in 1842. An 1838 graduate of the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, he is known today more for the myth that he invented Modern Baseball while a cadet at West Point than for his accomplishments as a Major General in the Union Army during the Civil War. So what about Abner Doubleday’s “invention” of baseball? A Myth and Legend Greater than Gettysburg: Abner Doubleday and Baseball The mythology remains strong today, but most serious baseball historians believe the game comes from England and other ball and bat games in prehistory.6. [17], Doubleday Field is a 9,791-seat baseball stadium named for Abner Doubleday, located in Cooperstown, New York, near the Baseball Hall of Fame. He was enrolled in Company L, 2nd New York Volunteer Heavy Artillery Regiment on January 1, 1864, and was mustered in as a 2nd Lieutenant on January 10, 1864. )[8] His men were routed when they encountered Major General James Longstreet's corps, but by the following day, August 30, he took command of the division when Hatch was wounded, and he led his men to cover the retreat of the Union Army. Doubleday's body was laid in state in New York's City Hall and then was taken to Washington by train[5] from Mendham Township, and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia.[6]. He helped found the Bronx Historical Society and was also involved with the Civil War Society and the Revolutionary War Roundtable in New York City. Doubleday received some bruises and could not hold the reins of a horse for a long time.20, Doubleday’s bravery and that of his troops at Antietam earned him promotion to major general of U.S. He was stationed in San Francisco from 1869 through 1871 and he took out a patent for the cable car railway that still runs there, receiving a charter for its operation, but signing away his rights when he was reassigned. He attended school at Auburn and Cooperstown, where he prepared for a career in civil engineering. [5], On July 2, 1863, Army of the Potomac commander Maj. Gen. George G. 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