Inuit from Baffin Island are descendants of the Thule, who expanded eastward across Canada from Alaska in the 12th and 13th centuries. The most popular and plentiful fishing area was in the enormous inlet now known as Frobisher Bay, the peak of which was known to the local people as Iqaluit, meaning “place of many fish”. Iqaluit, on Baffin Island, is the capital of Nunavut, a Canadian territory created in 1999. Baffin Island (Inuktitut: ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓗᒃ, Qikiqtaaluk IPA: [qikiqtaːluk], French: Île de Baffin or Terre de Baffin), in the Canadian territory of Nunavut, is the largest island in Canada and the fifth-largest island in the world. Inuit from Baffin Island are descendants of the Thule, who expanded eastward across Canada from Alaska in the 12th and 13th centuries. Located on the Cumberland Peninsula of Baffin Island, the name of this National Park means “The land that never melts.” This park was established in 1972 with the name of Baffin Island National Park and received its current name in 1976 due to its resemblance to its history. Baffin Island is in the Canadian territory of Nunavut, located in Arctic Ocean of Northern Canada. Baffin island is the largest island in canada and the 5th largest island in the world. The main Inuit language used on the Island, Inuktitut (which the below place names are in), as with many dialects even has different accents as you move from the north to the south of the island. Interesting Islands Facts: The largest islands in the world include Greenland, New Guinea, Borneo, Madagascar, Baffin Island, and Sumatra. These remote national parks in the high Arctic of Nunavut's Baffin Island feature jagged, frosted mountain ranges, traditional Inuit villages, glacier-carved fjords, and vast, uninhabited tundra. Most of the island lies north of the arctic circle. As a specialist in travel, she has penned pieces for USAToday.com, Carnival Cruise Line, Travelocity and the San Francisco Travel Association, among other names. Map of Baffin Island. Located on the Cumberland Peninsula of Baffin Island, the name of this National Park means “The land that never melts.” This park was established in 1972 with the name of Baffin Island National Park and received its current name in 1976 due to its resemblance to its history. From the late 15th century, European explorers and navigators have tried to successfully pass through a northern waterway from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean via the Canadian north and the Arctic famously named the Northwest Passage. Area: 507,451sq km (195,928sq mi). Inuit from Baffin Island are descendants of the Thule, who expanded eastward across Canada from Alaska in the 12th and 13th centuries. Baffin Island has been inhabited by the Inuit for thousands of years. As the ice caps on Baffin Island shrink, the landscape beneath is seeing the light of day for the first time in perhaps 120,000 years. Nunavut’s earliest sunset is on December 17 th at 1:40 pm. Baffin Island . 20. The name comes from an explorer in 1616, William Baffin. Fifth Largest Island in the World. Interesting Islands Facts: The largest islands in the world include Greenland, New Guinea, Borneo, Madagascar, Baffin Island, and Sumatra. There are no ferries to the island, either from neighbouring Quebec or from Greenland however, some Arctic cruises do offer stops in Iqaluit and other parts of Nunavut. Its area is 507,451 km2 and its population was 13,148 as of the 2016 Canadian Census. Baffin island is the largest island in canada and the 5th largest island in the world. Helluland is also mentioned in “The Saga of Erik the Red”, “The Saga of Halfdan Eysteinsson”, and in other earlier works. It is believed that the Norse reached Baffin Bay at some point between 900 and 1300. You can sport arctic wolves, lemming, arctic hare, arctic fox, polar bears and barren ground caribou as the year round wildlife that you can spot in Baffin Island. The valley's slightly warmer microclimate makes it a great place to spot wildlife including wolves, caribou, Arctic hares and the occasional polar bear. Nunavut is Canada’s largest province/territory with a total area of 2,093,190 sq. ; it’s all here. Much of the Island is longitudinally more northern than Iceland and makes up part of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, a group of 36,563 northern Canadian Islands that almost reach the centre of the Arctic Circle. The Inuit people of Baffin Island have been there for thousands of years and have successfully lived off the land from the beginning, hunting caribou and other lands animals and fishing at sea. Unless you are very experienced in extreme wilderness survival, the services of expert local guides are essential for getting around Baffin Island. HABITATBaffin Island wolves are found exclusively on Baffin Island and a few small adjacent islands. The Nunavut Arts and Crafts Association hosts an annual summer festival; the Alianait Arts Festival is a summer tradition; and, in April, the Toonik Tyme Festival features traditional Inuit arts, cuisine and games, including igloo-building and seal-skinning contests. Baffin Island also has a number of territorial parks. In some areas of Baffin Island, like Clyde River, the sun does not set for two months in the summer time, and doesn't rise for two months in the winter. It is located in the region of 70° N and 75° W. It was named by English colonists after English explorer William Baffin. Expedition cruises that call at Baffin Island might depart from other communities in Northern Canada, or from Greenland. km / 183,800 square miles, and only about 10,000 people (mostly Inuit groups) scattered across the island, it is one of the most sparsely populated areas in the world. And Baffin Island, Marcott points out, is right next door to Greenland—home to an ice sheet that holds enough ice to raise global sea levels by more than 20 feet if it were to melt fully. At 73°N latitude, it is well above the Arctic Circle and ranks among the top ten most northerly communities in the entire world. The snow begins to melt in May, but the sea ice doesn’t break up until the end of July. Snow can fall all year on Baffin Island and the average annual temperature for the island is about -8 degrees Celsius. Lucky Canadian scientists have discovered new evidence in diamonds of ancient continental formation and drift. Named for William Baffin (1584?-1622), Baffin Island (now part of Nunavut and next to Baffin Bay) is the fifth-largest island in the world.. With an area of about 476,000 sq. An archeological dig on Baffin Island. Visitation is limited to an early season from March to May, when skiing, dog-sledding and snowmobiling adventures are possible, and a late season starting in June or July, when ice melt opens up the landscapes for boating and hiking. Highlights of Auyuittuq include the Akshayuk Pass, a 60-mile traditional Inuit travel corridor; Mount Thor, which has the tallest vertical drop of any mountain in the world; and a one- or two-day hiking route to the Arctic Circle. Baffin Island lies in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago just west of Greenland and is the world’s fifth largest island. Inuit culture is ancient and very much alive today. It was not until 1943 that the Baffin Island wolf was recognized as a distinct subspecies by zoologist Rudolph Martin Anderson.Its trinomial name Canis lupus manningi was taken from zoologist Thomas Henry Manning, OC who had spent a year and a half mapping the island. Explore In The Footsteps of History. Visitors to the Nunavut territory (Canada’s newest territory, formed in 1999 as part of aboriginal land claim agreements) will find themselves arriving on Baffin Island. With its huge size of 507K sq.km (196K sq.miles) and virtually non-existence of roads, it is extremely difficult to explore this island by conventional means. Once there, you likely won’t need a rental car as Iqaluit is small enough to walk around, and is not connected to anywhere else via road, and there are taxis available in the city. Norse explorers reached Baffin Island around the 11th century and their presence is felt in the name of the Island’s highest peak, Odin. It is the fifth-largest island in the world, with largely mountainous terrain and an almost entirely Inuit population. With its huge size of 507K sq.km (196K sq.miles) and virtually non-existence of roads, it is extremely difficult to explore this island by conventional means. And their latest sunrise is December 24 th at 9:25 am. (almost 1 … Baffin Bay is a marginal sea of the North Atlantic Ocean, located between the west coast of Greenland and Baffin Island.The sea is connected to the Atlantic Ocean by the Labrador Sea and the Davis Strait, and is also connected to the Arctic Ocean by the narrow Nares Strait. Baffin Island. Baffin Island is also home to any winter lover’s paradise, the Auyuittuq National Park. In the same national park as Odin, you will find the world’s highest vertical cliff of aptly named, Mount Thor. It’s Baffin Island that draws the most visitors to Nunavut every year, and it isn’t hard to see why. Baffin Island (Inuktitut: ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓗᒃ, Qikiqtaaluk IPA: [qikiqtaːluk], French: Île de Baffin or Terre de Baffin), in the Canadian territory of Nunavut, is the largest island in Canada and the fifth-largest island in the world. km / 183,800 square miles, and only about 10,000 people (mostly Inuit groups) scattered across the island, it is one of the most sparsely populated areas in the world. Baffin Island Inuit live on Baffin Island, the largest island in the Arctic Archipelago and in the territory of Nunavut. Baffin Island is the largest island in Canada and the 5th largest island in the world. According to the 2016 census, the total Inuit population in the Baffin region was 14,875; the total non-Inuit population was significantl… Arctic Bay is located in the northwest corner of Baffin Island and is one of the most beautiful places in Nunavut, Canada. Explore In The Footsteps of History. Most of the year Baffin Bay is covered in ice, icebergs, and floating ice, and is not navigable. It’s Baffin Island that draws the most visitors to Nunavut every year, and it isn’t hard to see why. History of Baffin Island Inuit. Thomas holds a bachelor’s degree in politics from the University of Bristol, U.K. © 2020 USATODAY, a division of Gannett Satellite Information Network, Inc. World Atlas: The Largest Islands of Canada, National Geographic: Auyuittuq and Sirmilik National Parks, The Canadian Encyclopedia: Baffin Island Inuit, Privacy Notice/Your California Privacy Rights. Its area is 507,451 km2 (195,928 sq mi) and its population is about 11,000 (2007 estimate). Baffin Island ( French: Île de Baffin) is an island in the territory of Nunavut. An archeological dig on Baffin Island. The Baffin Island Inuit (like other modern Inuit) share biological and cultural links with their Thule ancestors. Photo courtesy Royal Ontario Museum A prominent Ottawa archaeologist credited in some circles with rewriting the history of Vikings in Canada has accused the Royal Ontario Museum in Toronto of “disparaging” her widely publicized research. Baffin Island is geographically and geologically a continuation of Labrador, from which it is separated by Hudson Strait. These remote national parks in the high Arctic of Nunavut's Baffin Island feature jagged, frosted mountain ranges, traditional Inuit villages, glacier-carved fjords, and vast, uninhabited tundra. Baffin Island is the biggest island in Canada, the 5th largest in the world and is home to the elusive Narwhal, amongst many other animals! Witness the culture of the Inuit whose ancestors established a trade route with Vikings. Many visitors are drawn to here to experience the Arctic wilderness, the Inuit culture, or the potential to climb in a very wild setting with virt… Early History. Come explore Baffin Island and experience the first place that Europeans landed in the New World. The Baffin Island Inuit (like other modern Inuit) share biological and cultural links with their Thule ancestors. The island is home to the territory’s capital city, Iqaluit, as well as a smaller hamlet called Pangnirtung and other much smaller communities of local Inuit peoples. It is the largest member of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Baffin Island is the 5 th largest island in the world! The biggest island in Canada (and fifth largest in the world), Baffin Island is a grand wild landscape, the spectacular homeland of the Inuit and an accessible Arctic playground for the adventurous. Stop by the Unikkaarvik Visitor Centre for useful tourist information and interesting exhibits. Basic Baffin Island Facts. Baffin Island is separated from Greenland on the north and east by Baffin Bay and Davis Strait It's the island's major hub for transportation and tourism and the home base for most outfitters and guides. It is the largest island in Canada and the fifth largest island in the world. During winter, the region also averages about four hours of daylight per day, and temperatures can range from -10 to -32°C (14 to -25.6°F). Historians believe it is likely that Pre-Columbian Norse explorers from … Baffin Island straddles the Arctic Circle in the far north of Canada, a wild and dramatic place of mountains, glaciers and tundra that shifts in shape and form with the seasons and welcomes intrepid travelers only during narrow and somewhat unpredictable windows of time. Some of … Baffin Island lies in the East of Nunavut which is the largest federal territory of Canada. The first recorded English explorer to enter Baffin Bay was John Davis, who arrived in 1585. Covering 6000 square kilometres today the Penny Ice Cap has been receding in recent decades which has produced (or unfrozen) mosses and small plants that haven’t been seen on earth since the Middle Ages when global temperatures were around what they are today. Inuit artisans offer soapstone carvings, jewelry, hand-sewn clothing, art prints and more in souvenir stores and galleries. It is the largest island in Canada and the fifth largest island in the world, with an area of 507,451 km² (195,928 sq mi). Standing at 2,147m (7,044 ft.) it is pretty modest by Canadian standards though is 7th overall when it comes to Canada’s isolated summits. Settled for a handful of decades but peopled for millennia it outsizes canadas second biggest island victoria island by an area about the size of italy. And Baffin Island, Marcott points out, is right next door to Greenland—home to an ice sheet that holds enough ice to raise global sea levels by more than 20 feet if it were to melt fully. In fact, Baffin Island is the fifth-largest island in all of the world. Baffin Island, in the Canadian territory of Nunavut, is the largest island in Canada and the fifth-largest island in the world. Unless you are travelling in the remote corners of Canada, specifically northern Quebec, your two options for flights to Iqaluit are from Canada’s capital, Ottawa, or the neighbouring city of Montreal. Interesting Baffin Bay Facts: Baffin Bay's region has been inhabited since roughly 500 B.C., by the Dorset settlers. Witness the culture of the Inuit whose ancestors established a trade route with Vikings. Baffin Island is the largest island in Canada and the 5th largest island in the world. As far as the actual last ice age, millions of years ago, Baffin Island would have contributed hugely to the Laurentide Ice Sheet that covered likely all of Canada and the northeastern United States however, there is much dispute about the birthplace. From October until April, Baffin Island is one of the best places in Canada to view the Northern Lights because there is very little light pollution to interfere with their viewing, even in the capital city of Iqaluit. 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