Andropogon gerardiiBig Blue Stem, Turkey FootDescription: Bouteloua curtipendulaSide Oats GrammaDescription: Carex muskingumensisPalm SedgeDescription: Deschampsia caespitosaTurted HairgrassDescription: Deschampsia flexuosaCrinkled HairgrassDescription: All images courtesy of Arlene Neilson, unless otherwise indicated. Depending on the type of grass, you can either replant (and trim to about 4 inches above where it will be placed in the ground), or put it in your composting bin. Foliage resembles palm fronds giving it a tropical appearance. Cool season grasses begin to grow in late winter or early spring. Whether you want a thick green lawn or a sea of swaying ornamental foliage, grasses are easy to grow and adaptable to many types of situations. Gather dead or dry-looking canes in your hand and cut down toward the base. Landscape Uses: 1. Keep in mind, the smaller the clump, the longer it will take to reach full size. Soil type and available moisture? It is a hardy grass that handles harsh conditions and offers columns of texture and color to the garden in blue/green and purple/burgundy. Unlike rose bushes or boxwood hedges, there's not really a tried-and-true method for pruning or grooming ornamental grasses. For impromptu touch-ups, grab a bunch of grass blades in one hand, pull them out to the side, and cut with a pair of hand pruners. Running type grasses are often used as lawns.It is also important to be aware of the likelihood of a grass to self-seed. Grasses are often described as either warm or cool season. Fortunately, ornamental grasses are pretty forgiving. Dividing is another maintenance technique that is required for clump forming grasses. Little Bluestem Ornamental Grass Schizachyrium scoparium USDA Zone: 3-8 Blue green with red tinges, purple red blooms, copper orange brown fall foliage, fast growth rate, blooms late summer. This can be done with hedge shears in February or March before new growth appears from the crown of the plant. Despite this drawback, Northern Sea Oats is known for it's unique seed heads. Current Plant List Some of our plants are listed here. Growth slows or the plant enters a period of dormancy in the hot summer months. We are an online provider for native trees, shrubs, grasses, and perennial wildflowers. Ornamental grasses are fairly new to the landscape scene—they've increased in popularity in the past couple decades. They produce flowers during the summer months and go dormant in the fall. Otherwise, it's a real chore to clean up all of those blades and clumps of grass after you've done the pruning and grooming. Grasses perform numerous functions in the landscape. Comb through the entire grass, and shake it occasionally to get out more dried plant material. In some regions, Nassella tenuissima is considered invasive and is classified as a weed. Grasses This is a list of Grasses in order by the Common Name that is used for each species on this site. Your work is cut out for you when the temperatures get warmer. By Raakel ToppilaThe ornamental value of grasses has only recently been recognized. Try to leave some height in the middle, then gradually shape a bit lower on the sides.Â. Running grasses spread by rhizomes (under ground) or stolons (above ground). [CDATA[ Hardiness is always an issue of concern in any ornamental plant for the landscape. A second way to classify grasses is by their habit. This makes it much easier to cut it all at one time and get it more even. Use in masses or as specimens, along streams or on slopes. The graceful, arching foliage of grasses display rich colors over a long season. This is a grass to use in areas near public sidewalks or driveways where you want the lush texture of a grass but need one that can handle a tough site. Not every landscaping pro knows how to take care of everything in the garden, including grasses that can grow quite large—as in tall and wide. Chasmanthium latifolium, Northern Sea Oats, for example, is a clump forming North American native grass that produces a multitude of seeds, many of which germinate the following year. Preferred Site: 1. Some grasses do well in the shade but may not reach their full potential the same way they would in the sunlight. Ornamental Grasses. Gray green fine textured foliage produces a one-sided arrangement of purplish flower spikes in early summer. While it might be tempting to mow-down a mess like this, removal of the dry stuff and a good shaping is all that will be needed. Written for all of Ontario, north to south, east to west. If you would like to print out this chart, we have it set up with individual pages, which makes for a more orderly printout. Dry soils, open prairies and shores from Saskatchewan to Quebec. We are a family run business that has been producing and selling top quality seedlings to wholesale nurseries for over 50 years. Check out your neighborhood or cruise nearby areas where similar-looking ornamental grasses grow. 5. Some are described as clump forming, bunching, or tussock grasses. For design purposes, perennial grasses generally have four main growing characteristics: Switchgrass is one of the native cool season grasses in North America that provides seeds for the birds during the winter. The frequency of watering can be adjusted to the individual needs of the grass species. Acorus calamus ‘Variegatus’ Acorus gramineus ‘Oborozuki’ Acorus gramineus ‘Ogon’ Acorus gramineus ‘Variegatus’ Andropogon gerardii; Anthoxanthum nitens; Arrhenatherum elatius bulbosum ‘variegatum’ Bouteloua curtipendula; Bouteloua gracilis; Calamagrostis acutiflora ‘Avalanche’ Calamagrostis acutiflora ‘Eldorado’ Name: Calamagrostis 'Karl Foerster' Growing Conditions: Full sun and well-drained soil. 1. Ornamental Grass to Avoid There are many grasses that originate from Eurasia that are now becoming invasive in Ontario. Warm season grasses thrive in 85-95 degree heat. When we think of ornamental grasses, visions of sun-kissed meadows and sky-blue prairies come to mind. Check out our 2020 Catalog for a wide variety of species to choose from. We have sandy-loam soil, our summers are hot and dry and we irrigate to mimic the ideal growing conditions. If you're not from Ontario, don't go away! Some care instructions advise to cut grasses down to a few inches above ground in fall or spring and to divide clumps when the grass's growth begins to weaken. How can you tell? 7 Dwarf ornamental grasses for container gardening. These types of grasses spread by tillers and create a compact, clump-like growth. Follow these steps to groom your grasses and get them to looking great.Â. Most ornamentals are easy to grow, requiring little water and fertilizer and no pesticides. Once established, ornamental grasses require very little maintenance. This info is derived from growing the grasses in our Zone 4/5 nursery. Welcome to the Ontario Grasses, Sedges & Rushes website Your "online field guide" to Ontario's grasses, sedges and rushes: This website is all about grasses, sedges & rushes that grow in Ontario (Canada). })(window,document,'script','//','ga'); You may end up with a good-sized pile of the dead stuff, which you should pitch into a portable container as you go along. Divide warm season grasses in late winter or early spring. From our Ontario-based nursery, we will ship anywhere across the province. Putting feather grass in pots allows you to keep in eye on them and give regular trims. Some, like this Mexican feather grass (Nassella tenuissima), are simple—just use a trowel to dig up a portion of the grass, roots and all. Chasmanthium latifolium (spangle grass) -- This green grass grows up to 1.2 metres tall and matures to a bright copper, but it is also chosen for its distinctive oatlike flowers. Ornamental grasses are fairly new to the landscape scene—they've increased in popularity in the past couple decades. For the same spectacular effect, we use Miscanthus varieties or plume grass ( Erianthus ravennae ) whose flowerheads can reach 12 to 15 feet tall. 1.2 - 2.0 meters tall 3. What you'll need:​. We haven’t listed all of our o rnamental shrubs, which include things like cedars and other landscaping trees, and other trees or shrubs which we only have a handful of, anyway. Jeff Bakker is a business initiatives director at RBC with an interest in environmental restoration and invasive species control.. Izabela van Amelsvoort is a Terrestrial Ecologist with North-South Environmental Inc. and is the current Secretary of Tallgrass Ontario. To thin-out the grass, grab small sections in the middle and cut toward the base, at different heights. When temperatures cool in the fall they begin to grow again. Even if a grass becomes too large during the growing season, they can be pruned for shape. Forestry consultant Rob Haubry gives you a few tips to help improve your native warm season grass plantings. For areas with partial shade, plants like reed grasses and fountain grasses will work. (i[r].q=i[r].q||[]).push(arguments)},i[r].l=1*new Date();a=s.createElement(o), ORNAMENTAL GRASSES 55 DESCHAMPSIA TUFTED HAIR GRASS / CANCHE CESPITEUSE Deschampsia caespitosa May-June Silver/Purple/Green Height:60cm Spread:60cm Zone:4 Shape:Mounding Foliage:Deep Green Deep green leaves form a mound and produce delicate plumes in the summer that can be silver, light green, or purple, with several colours occuring at once. Greens and blues are common in the summer, followed by rich, autumnal colors in fall and winter. You can also grab a bunch of grass in your hand and cut above or below. Cool season grasses may require more water to stay green in a hot summer and warm season grasses will go dormant and turn golden brown in areas with a cold winter. m=s.getElementsByTagName(o)[0];a.async=1;a.src=g;m.parentNode.insertBefore(a,m) In regions experiencing drought, native and ornamental grasses are a smart and show-stopping part of the landscape. You don't have a composting bin? As more grasses are introduced from other parts of the world that share similar climates, landscape professionals aren't always in agreement on how to handle these exotic imports. Size: To 6 … In regions experiencing drought, native and ornamental grasses are a smart and show-stopping part of the landscape. Most grasses have few, if any, pest or disease problems. By removing all that dry, old growth that is basically a big mess of dead grass, new growth will actually be exposed to sunlight and fresh air. If you are compelled to cut ornamental grass very short, do not trim it any lower than 4 inches from the ground. Ornamental Grass Care – Cutting Back In The Winter. The most famous of the tall grasses is the pampas grass (Cordateria), unfortunately not hardy in Ontario. One of the many advantages of ornamental grasses are they extremely hardy and tolerant. There are many drought tolerant grasses and a variety of native grasses. Many are not. They flower in late spring and summer. Cold climate gardeners in USDA zone 3 can have difficulty finding the right plants that will perform well year around and survive some of the coldest winters. Under control in a contained, fenced yard, it is less likely to be a threat to the local landscape. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. In some cases, the centers of the grass clumps will have died out and need to be removed. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Most have seedpods, flowerheads or plumes that dry well and last into winter. Equally important and vital to growing native grasses is the fact that less than one per cent of original Ontario tall grass prairie exists today. You'll have to repeat this maneuver several times, but it works and may be easier for quick touch-ups. Most grasses offer interesting seed heads in the fall and can be left on to enjoy all winter and cut back in the spring. Cool season grasses can be divided in the fall, winter or early spring. But in the world of ornamental grasses, fescues are considered low-growers and are often used as edgings, borders, and ground covers. Nearly all ornamental grasses can be cut back anytime from early fall to late Spring. Ontario Native Plants is an online plant retailer, dedicated to supplying native trees, shrub, grasses and perennials to Ontario gardeners. Some ornamental grasses like Northern Sea Oats, Lily Turf, and Mondo grasses grow in full shade. Start one today. In a garden setting these grasses are often preferred as the plants remain contained within their planting area. ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); Ontario Flowers, Ferns, Grasses, Shrubs, Trees May 3, 2018 ONTARIO’S NATIVE PLANT CATALOGUE No Nonsense - Plain Language - Go Shopping Choose the right plant, stick it in the ground, water it, then sit back, relax, and attract birds, bees and butterflies. Clump forming, cool season, perennial grass 0.3 - 1.0 meters tall. Zone 3 grasses for gardens are limited and the choices need to weigh the plant… Moist conditions are required. Grasses meet many landscaping needs, such as focal points, texture and colour. Many grasses are drought tolerant and thrive in warm to temperate regions, but there are also some, especially native species, that can survive such extreme temperat… The Facebook group Crimes Against Horticulture offers eyewitness reports of bad plant-haircuts, including the one in this photo that members thought looked like haystacks, While a hard, ground-level cut works well with some species, others just need regular light pruning and shaping. What? By using The Spruce, you accept our, Pennisetum Setaceum: A Grass for All Seasons, 12 Best Ornamental Grasses for Your Landscape, How to Grow and Care for Bristle Leaf Sedge (Carex Eburnea), How to Cut Back Ornamental Grasses in Spring or Fall, 8 Best Ornamental Grasses to Add Privacy to the Garden, 10 Best Ornamental Grasses for Containers, 13 Types of Colorful Ornamental Grass for Fall, 13 Colorful Fall Decorating Ideas for Porches, Patios, and Yards, Golden Japanese Forest Grass Plant Profile. They look equally beautiful planted poolside, blowing in the breeze, in containers on patios, and as accent plants in other areas of the landscape. Clump forming, cool season, perennial grass 0.3 - 0.6 meters tall. Tolerates either sun or shade. Division will help rejuvenate the grass and keep it looking its best. Hence, the name, fountain grass. You can then divide the clump again, and replant them, although Mexican feather grass can be an aggressive re-seeder. Like any project, gather your gardening tools before you get down to business. Start by gathering the grass together with your gloved hands and securing it with string, rope, or a bungee. However, the ornamental value of our own native grasses has yet to be discovered. ~ By Shaun Booth | Dec 3, 2020 ~ Native grasses are crucial components of healthy gardens yet are often overlooked in favor of more showy flowers. In addition to blue fescue, other popular ornamental fescues include atlas fescue ( Festuca mairei), California fescue ( Festuca californica ), and sheep fescue ( … Once it starts blooming (which will be in the coming weeks, depending on where you live), the grass will have a more natural, rounded shape with arching, fountain-like "blades". Some even continue to grow throughout the winter months.Warm season grasses thrive in the heat of summer. Groomed and pruned carefully and not chopped down to obscurity, these ornamental grasses are beautifully formed. Proprietor Karen Abrahams operates the nursery with family and friends and shares the love of Ontario's natural areas and native flora with native plant gardeners across the Greater Toronto Area. American Beach Grass (Ammophila breviligulata) Big Bluestem (Andropogon gerardii) Black-seed Rice Grass (Patis racemosa) Bottle-brush Grass (Elymus hystrix) Canada Wild Rye (Elymus canadensis) Great Lakes Wheat Grass (Elymus lanceolatus) ga('create', 'UA-3780889-1', 'auto', {'allowLinker': true}); For larger clumps that might have deeper roots, use a spade and some muscle to divide. Repeat throughout. The foliage is available in green, copper and gold hues. They grow best at temperatures between 26 and 32 degrees Celsius. Dry open soil from Newfoundland to British Columbia. There is a rich variety of colored ornamental grasses including blue, purple and even black. Andropogon gerardii Big Blue Stem, Turkey Foot Description: 1. Their graceful habit, animated movement, and fine textured foliage have proven them a worthy addition to our gardens. Tolerant of dry soils. After a few years, ornamental grasses will need to be divided at their base. Dormant foliage and seed heads of warm season grasses persist providing winter interest and food for birds. Nice, healthy and how it's supposed to look— ornamental. Use in masses along streams, at the edge of a pond, in water gardens, pots or tubs. Ontario Native Plants was born out of the desire to provide the public with the same high-quality… Clump forming. Many of the ornamental grasses available are native to North America and provide habitat, food sources, and protection for pollinators and other wildlife. If you don't cut or groom ornamental grasses in the fall, they can become shaggy messes by spring. Rainy winters make everything in the garden grow, and ornamental grasses are no exception. Many gardeners hack ornamental grasses like Pennisetum setaceum into all sorts of curious configurations so that they resemble tumbleweeds. Dry prairies and sand hills from southern Ontario to Saskatchewan. Lisa Hallett Taylor is a writer and editor with 12+ years experience covering architecture, landscape design, and do-it-yourself projects. In this article we will discuss They also impact recreation and tourism by impeding shoreline views and access to water. Clu… Ornamental Grasses Plants Frost Grass (Spodiopogon sibiricus) Frost grass brings a bamboo-like look to the garden with horizontal leaves, which take on purple to burgundy tints in fall. Running grasses may become invasive through their ability to form dense mats quickly. Bouteloua curtipendula Side Oats Gramma Description: 1. Full sun, well-drained soil, tolerant of considerable drought. Native Plants in Claremont was opened in 2006. Periodic grooming can turn your Pennisetum into a perennial. The optimum temperature for growth is between 15 and 23 degrees Celsius. ga('require', 'linker'); Native from Maine south to Florida and west to North Dakota and Arizona in the U.S.; native to Ontario in Canada Toughest low grass. If grown in a frost-free area, it is perennial and will return each year on its own. Japanese Sweet Flag. Ornamental grasses for zone 5 must withstand temperatures that can dip down to -10 degrees Fahrenheit (-23 C.) along with the ice and snow that are attendant to this regions winters. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, cut grasses down to a few inches above ground, Long sleeves or Armadillos—sleeves made of heavy-duty canvas over duck canvas to protect arms. Comparison Chart for Ornamental Grasses. Observe up close, if possible. One way to control its spread is to cut the grass to 10 centimetres in height soon after the seeds appear. Full sun, well-drained soil, tolerant of considerable drought. Perhaps the most important maintenance technique is cutting back the grass to a height of 10 centimetres. The grass clump will be overgrown, possibly encroaching on neighboring plants or creeping out beyond the border or edge. Native Plants in Claremont is a nursery devoted to the increased awareness and restoration of Ontario's native plants and their habitats. Slow spreading, cool season, perennial grass 0.6 - 1.0 meters tall. Screens, erosion control, specimen, masses, winter interest, arrangements. Grows best in light shade and moist conditions. All Rights Reserved. Dry soils, open prairies and shores from Saskatchewan to Quebec. Pennisetum setaceum 'Rubrum', commonly known as fountain grass or purple fountain grass, has been increasingly popular as both an accent plant and focal point in many landscape designs. Share the divisions with friends or transplant back into the garden. Blue green to silvery blue foliage with purplish flower spike Native Habitat: 1. The most popular ornamental grass, feather reed grass offers a distinct upright habit that looks fantastic all winter long. Forms dense clumps of dark green foliage. Screens, erosion control, specimen, masses, winter interest, arrangements. Damp soils, shorelines and meadows from Alaska to Newfoundland to southern United States. Although Pennisetum setaceum's growing seasons are summer and fall, in some parts of the western United States where temperatures remain above 20 degrees, it can bloom and be a mainstay in the garden through the winter. Native to Ontario. Cutting and grooming ornamental grass makes it healthier. © 2020 Canadian Wildlife Federation. Like many grasses, this tough plant tolerates a wide range of conditions. (function(i,s,o,g,r,a,m){i['GoogleAnalyticsObject']=r;i[r]=i[r]||function(){ Carex elata 'Aurea' -- Narrow, arching leaves, lemon-lime in colour, grow in thick tufts up to 60 centimetres tall. As the plant ages it may flop or die in the center. Some gardeners prefer to cut the grass below the rope, because the cuttings are easier to dispose of or put in the compost bin. Many grasses prefer full sun, some are invasive so look for clump forming varieties. Most native grasses, however, will do well in a variety of soils and require little watering. Tufted grass with shiny foliage and loose, delicate flowers. Drought tolerant and adaptable to a wide range of conditions. Three new people have joined the Tallgrass Ontario Board of Directors. In mild climates, moderate, frost-free temperatures allow fountain grass to grow throughout the year. Take pictures of specimens that are beautiful and thriving. This grass can spread quickly in the garden and may become a problem. Adjust the rope or cord higher or lower, depending on where you want to cut the grass. Moist or swampy ground from Manitoba to Ontario. Commonly found along shorelines and ditches, these plants threaten ecosystems by forming dense stands that crowd out native species. Izabela completed a B.Sc. Charitable registration # 10686 8755 RR0001, // , Clump forming, warm season, perennial grass, Blue green to silvery blue foliage with purplish flower spike. Remove the clump from the ground leaving soil around the root ball. Select grasses that hardy to at least zone 6 for Toronto. We have many native trees, for example, most of which we have not listed. ga('linker:autoLink', ['', ''] ); The best perennial ornamental grasses for shade and sun, towering tall ornamental grasses, variegated grasses... Ornamental grasses are low maintenance...perfect as deer resistant ground cover.